Обращение к Верховному коммисару ООН по правам человека

ОО «Кыргыз Индиго», ОО «Лабрис» и Бишкекская Феминистическая группа «СКью» отправили обращение Верховному комиссару ООН по правам человека Нави Пиллэй. Полный текст письма можно почитать ниже

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
9 July 2012
Madame Pillay,
We welcome your strong commitment to ending violence and discrimination based on sexual
orientation and gender identity. Welcome to Kyrgyzstan! Our government has been making effort to
establish a dialogue with LGBT NGOs through cooperation with the Office of Ombudsman on the
issue of violence against LGBT people and Ministry of Health to establish a simple procedure for
transgender people to have their identities legally recognized. Unfortunately despite 5 years of
cooperation and endorsements of the proposed legislation by of all Ministries of Kyrgyzstan, the
Office of the Prime Minister returned the bill make a reference to changing another law which is
irrelevant to the issue of legal recognition. Dozens of transgender people in Kyrgyzstan remain in
legal limbo and are at risk each time when they encounter a situation where their IDs need to be
checked.
We appreciate efforts of Kyrgyz government, yet we would like to update you about the situation of
LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan and other countries of Central Asia and point out some of the priority
issues for our communication with Kyrgyzstani government.
Currently we are investigating systematic cases of violence and extortion committed by law
enforcement officers through using dating websites to lure gay and bisexual men. This violence and
extortion is largely a leftover of Soviet regime that criminalized homosexuality and encouraged law
enforcement bodies to record each person suspected as engaging in same-sex relationships. Despite
decriminalization in 1998, the practice of police harassment of gay and bisexual men continues
because police officers use gay men’s vulnerable situation in society to extort bribes. When we
informed Ministry of Interior about most recent 14 cases connected to the law enforcement, we
received a letter from the Prosecutor’s office about being unable to investigate these cases because
the victims did not come forward with formal complaints. As the victims have been highly
traumatized by their experience with the police, they are not able to formally file complaints. In this
regard, we would like to see a thorough investigation of these cases and large-scale prevention
efforts performed by the Ministry of Interior in cooperation with LGBT organizations.
During the first round of Universal Periodic Review Kyrgyzstani government accepted two
recommendations related to sexual orientation and gender identity. Since 2010 we have been
approaching different state agencies seeking information about how we could support the
government with implementation of these recommendations. To this day, most of our
communication ends in letters that state that yet another agency is responsible for implementation
of prevention of violence against women based on the grounds of sexual orientation. When we
contact that agency, we are referred to another one. Given the high level of systematic violence
against LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan also mentioned in OHCHR’s first report on violence and
discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, we would like to see more concerted
effort from the side of Kyrgyzstani government in implementation of its international obligations. Also mentioned in OHCHR report is “curative rape” of lesbian and bisexual women which continues
to be an issue in Kyrgyzstan. LGBT people encounter violence from their natal families and on the
streets and when we raise this issue publicly, the homophobic media blames rape survivors for not
living their lives according to heterosexist traditions. In the past months LGBT organizations were
targeted in the media for their efforts to raise awareness about these violations of human rights.
The media also quote members of parliament that call LGBT people “sick” and do not support any
organizing efforts on behalf of LGBT communities. We are worried that their reactions will cause
further stigmatization and violence.
Finally, we would like to use this opportunity to raise a concern about criminalization of
homosexuality and inability for LGBT communities to organize in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
We hope that your visit and mention of LGBT rights in your communication with Central Asian
governments and during your press conference, will help us prevent further violence and establish
open dialogue with the government to improve LGBT people’s lives in the region.
Thank you, Madame Pillay!

LGBT Organizations:

Kyrgyz Indigo

Labrys

Bishkek Feminists SQ

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